Genetic structure and history of populations of the deep-sea fish Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche, 1809) inferred from mtDNA sequence analysis

first_imgHelicolenus dactylopterus is an Atlantic benthopelagic fish species inhabiting high-energy habitats on continental slopes, seamounts and islands. Partial sequences of the mitochondrial control region (D-loop) and cytochrome b (cyt b) were used to test the hypothesis that H. dactylopterus disperses between continental margin, island and seamount habitats on intraregional, regional and oceanic scales in the North Atlantic. Individuals were collected from five different geographical areas: Azores, Madeira, Portugal (Peniche), Cape Verde and the northwest Atlantic. D-loop (415 bp) and cyt b (423 bp) regions were partially sequenced for 208 and 212 individuals, respectively. Analysis of variation among mitochondrial DNA sequences based on pairwise F-statistics and AMOVA demonstrated marked genetic differentiation between populations in different geographical regions specifically the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (Azores)/northeast Atlantic (Portugal, Madeira) compared to populations around the Cape Verde Islands and in the northwest Atlantic. Some evidence of intraregional genetic differentiation between populations was found. Minimum-spanning network analysis revealed star-shaped patterns suggesting that populations had undergone expansion following bottlenecks and/or they have been colonized by jump dispersal events across large geographical distances along pathways of major ocean currents. Mismatch distribution analysis indicated that Azores and northwest Atlantic populations fitted a model of historical population expansion following a bottleneck/founder event estimated to be between 0.64 and 1.2 million years ago (Ma).last_img read more

11th Annual Guns and Hoses Event Brings Family Together

first_img11th Annual Guns and Hoses Event Brings Family TogetherAPRIL 7TH, 2018 MELANIE ZAYAS EVANSVILLE, INDIANA Police and Firefighters battled it out in the ring for three rounds this evening, all to raise funds for great causes around the tri-state. The 11th Annual Guns and Hoses event kicked off at the Ford Center in Downtown Evansville.Tiffany Griffith, a mother that has a five-year-old son named Finn was welcomed by Paige Jones to attend the event. Finn was born and diagnosed with kidney disease, but tonight he got to walk out into the ring. Griffith says, “I just was blown away by the response and so for months we have been looking forward to coming here and Finn every day asking is it time to go? Can we go yet? So today is just a magical day for him.”So far, the Guns team has scored 8-5 tonight.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Manic Focus Drops “Putting All Of My People On” From Upcoming Album

first_imgElectro-soul composer Manic Focus recently announced his fifth studio album, Minds Rising, due out on Friday, April 21, 2017. The second single, “Putting All Of My People On,” is finally here, featuring Chicago MC ProbCause. The new track comes after a “Stronger” release with the powerful vocals of Jennifer Hartswick (Trey Anastasio Band), the inimitable beats of Adam Deitch (Lettuce/Break Science), and the prolific production and innovative experimentation of Late Night Radio.“Putting All Of My People” exists nicely between the worlds of instrumental trap music and popular rap, sharing equal focus between Manic Focus’ production and ProbCause’s laser-focus lyricism. Stream is below:We can’t wait to see Manic Focus team up with Break Science for a very special “Manic Science” set in St. Augustine, FL at Fool’s Paradise! Listen to their most recent collaboration, released last week, right here. On March 31 & April 1, Lettuce is bringing Joe Russo’s Almost Dead, The Floozies, The Motet, The Main Squeeze, Organ Freeman, with Oteil Burbridge and Antwaun Stanley as artists-at-large! For more information, head to the Fool’s Paradise website.last_img read more

Faust announces $100K President’s Challenge

first_imgPresident Drew Faust announced today the launch of the President’s Challenge for social entrepreneurship hosted through the Harvard Innovation Lab (i-lab). This effort is part of Harvard University’s commitment to social entrepreneurship and cross-School initiatives. President Faust is sponsoring this University-wide challenge seeking entrepreneurial solutions to the world’s most important social problems. This Challenge is designed to help students develop and execute solutions to complex systemic problems such as global warming or poverty. “The world’s most pressing problems heed no borders, and to better address them we need to work across boundaries to formulate solutions. I can think of no place better prepared to take on such challenges than Harvard,” said President Faust. The President’s Challenge has been created to give students concerned about global issues access to expertise in innovation and to the process of bringing great ideas to action.“For generations, Harvard students and faculty have risen to the challenges posed by seemingly intractable problems,” said Harvard Provost Alan M. Garber, co-chair of the judging committee that will evaluate entries. “I look forward to seeing the creative solutions that this competition will prompt to answer the complex systemic problems that the world faces today.”Dean David T. Ellwood, member of the i-lab advisory board and dean of the Harvard Kennedy School said, “All of Harvard’s Schools have powerful programs addressing key social issues. The President’s Challenge gives us a new opportunity to take a University-wide look at critical problems. The i-lab provides a new platform to harness the entrepreneurial energy across the University and focus it on problems that matter.”The 2012 Challenge will kick off in late February, when a small panel of Harvard faculty will select and announce five important social problems and invite the University community to submit entrepreneurial responses to those problems. The faculty panel will be invited by President Faust and organized by Provost Garber and Professor William Sahlman of the Harvard Business School.Mentoring and networking activities are planned for the six weeks that follow the selection of areas of focus, leading to the submission of project proposals from Harvard University student teams by mid-March. Ten student teams (two for each of the problem areas) will be named in early April and provided with support and resources that will aid in the development of prototypes. Following a “Demo Day” just before Commencement, one grand prize winner and up to three runners-up will be announced and awarded a share of a $100,000 total purse. The grand prize winner also will be awarded dedicated work space in the i-lab, mentoring, and access to expert resources in the i-lab through August 2012.Gordon Jones, director of the i-lab said, “This is a great opportunity to accelerate the use of the i-lab by the students and faculty of all of Harvard’s Schools. We at the i-lab are fully committed to helping everyone at Harvard bring great ideas to action.”last_img read more

Gang of Former Colombian Paramilitaries Begins to Surrender to Law Enforcement

first_img Around 425 members of a Colombian criminal gang, made up in part of former paramilitaries, began to turn themselves in to law enforcement officials in Villavicencio (in southeastern Colombia) on Thursday, as part of a process of “surrender,” spokespersons for the Public Prosecutor’s Office announced. “At this time, 36 individuals have arrived from Vichada (a department on the border with Venezuela). We’re expecting two other groups with around 82 individuals,” Carmen González, the national director of the Technical Investigation Corps (CTI) of the Public Prosecutor’s Office, told reporters. Eberto López, alias ‘Caracho,’ one of the two leaders of the Anti-subversive Popular Revolutionary Army of Colombia (Erpac), as this criminal gang calls itself, is believed to be a member of one of these groups. The official spoke at the exit from the facilities of the Las Malocas recreational center, located near Villavicencio (100 km southeast of Bogotá), where the authorities are receiving the Erpac members. González explained that this is an act of “surrender to law enforcement” by the members of this criminal gang employed by drug traffickers, one which does not imply any promises by President Juan Manuel Santos’s administration. The CTI director also indicated that the remaining Erpac members, who offered to turn themselves in to the authorities and who have been operating in the department of Guaviare (in southeastern Colombia), will arrive in Villavicencio, the capital of the department of Meta, on Friday. On another subject, she indicated that in two locations that she did not specify, the criminals turned over to the Public Prosecutor’s Office 47 rifles, 53,000 cartridges of ammunition, and a machine gun. She also specified that among the illegal group’s 425 members, 4 are women, and whether there are any juveniles is unknown. Meanwhile, the coordinator of the Criminal Gang Unit of the Public Prosecutor’s Office, Luis González, revealed that this illegal group’s process of disarmament and surrender to law enforcement “began a month ago with the sending of a letter, signed by the organization’s leaders, in which they expressed these intentions.” The arrival of the Erpac members in Villavicencio also attracted family members of people who have disappeared in the country’s south and southeast, with the idea that some of their relatives might be among the group that surrendered to law enforcement. One of these was Hercilia Gallo, who told AFP that she hoped to find her son. According to the woman, her 18-year-old son disappeared in November 2010, in the town of Acacias (Meta). “My heart as a mother tells me that I can find him here,” said Gallo, one of many women gathered on the outskirts of Las Malocas. Erpac is one of around a dozen criminal gangs active in Colombia, made up in part of former paramilitaries who did not participate in the demobilization process negotiated by the United Self-Defense Units of Colombia (AUC, an extreme right-wing group) and carried out between 2003 and 2006. These gangs devote themselves to drug trafficking, among other crimes, and according to the police, they constitute the greatest threat to public order in Colombia. Ariel Ávila, a researcher with the Nuevo Arco Iris corporation and a specialist in the country’s armed conflict, indicated that the surrender of these fighters is probably related to the domination of the eastern Llanos region (in eastern Colombia) by another criminal organization, led by the drug trafficker Daniel Barrera, alias “El Loco Barrera” [“Crazy Barrera”]. This group is believed to have left the members of Erpac without protection following the death of their highest-ranking leader, alias “Cuchillo” [“Knife”], who was killed by the police in December 2010. According to Ávila, the group’s surrender is a consequence of its marginalization by “El Loco Barrera,” who is allied to another powerful criminal gang active in Colombia, “Los Rastrojos” [“The Stubble”]. “They were left unprotected because ‘El Loco Barrera’ stopped paying the ‘double payroll’ to members of government forces” who turned a blind eye to their activities, the researcher, who is conducting a study of the criminal gangs in this region, explained. This would be the first surrender of this size since the large-scale demobilizations of paramilitary militias that took place in the context of negotiations between Álvaro Uribe’s administration (2002-2010) and the AUC. By Dialogo December 27, 2011last_img read more

Brazil Hosts Global Airspace Monitoring Agencies

first_imgBy Taciana Moury/Diálogo September 05, 2018 The Regional Monitoring Agencies (RMA) Coordination Group met in Brazil for the 13th edition of its annual meeting. Members of 11 of the 13 airspace monitoring agencies worldwide—representing 188 countries—participated in the event held June 11th–15th, in the Brazilian Air Force’s Military Convention Center and Lodgings, in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Accredited by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), RMAs monitor compliance and operational safety in the Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) airspace. RVSM, implemented at altitudes of 29,000 feet to 41,000 feet—where most commercial aircraft travel—reduced the standard vertical separation between aircraft from 2,000 to 1,000 feet, increasing airspace capacity. RMAs are responsible for the control and oversight of operations in RVSM airspace. In Brazil, the Caribbean and South American Regional Monitoring Agency (CARSAMMA), responsible for the area between the Gulf of Mexico and Patagonia, fulfills this role. CARSAMMA covers 38 countries. Standardization of procedures The 13th edition of the meeting was hosted by CARSAMMA and sponsored by the Department of Airspace Control (DECEA, in Portuguese), a division of the Brazilian Air Force (FAB, in Portuguese) that provides administrative support to the agency. Jose Luis Perez, head of RVSM Monitoring Program of the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, led the discussions. According to FAB Major Marcio Rodrigues Ribeiro Gladulich, head of CARSAMMA, the meeting enabled the standardization of procedures performed by monitoring agencies worldwide. “The meetings are crucial to develop efficient work,” he said. For Nonjabulo Gumede, member of the Africa and Indian Ocean Regional Monitoring Agency, integration among agencies is crucial to strengthen traffic patterns. “The constant implementation of new technologies further highlights this need, so that all agencies can speak the same language and act according to efficient and safe parameters,” he told FAB’s press agency. On the 2018 agenda: new altitude monitoring systems, security and vertical collision risk assessment and evaluation methods, RVSM airspace operational performance, compliance regulations, and the exchange of statistical data and information among RMAs. “The meeting also allowed for the improvement of metrics used in safety assessments and incident increase alerts for certain types of aircraft,” Maj. Gladulich said. According to FAB Colonel Luiz Roberto Barbosa Medeiros, head of Planning and Control of the International Air Navigation Studies Commission, the DECEA division that organized the meeting, the functions performed by monitoring agencies are fundamental for international aviation. The officer also highlighted the importance of such meetings for efficient work practices. “Technical adjustments and exchange of experience for RVSM operational safety worldwide take place during these meetings,” he said. Improvement in air operations Other important points discussed during the meeting were the implementation of a global bulletin addressing non-certified aircraft using RVSM; the Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast; the implementation of the Performance-Based Communications and Surveillance Monitoring System; and solutions for data exchange, among other topics. Brazil held the first RMA Coordination Group meeting in 2017. The meeting enabled a category change for different aircraft models. “By re-evaluating the minimum monitoring requirements, we were able to redistribute aircraft among various standard categories, increasing their reliability and reducing the number of certification flights,” explained Maj. Gladulich. “This will result in savings for the aviation community.” The South Atlantic Regional Monitoring Agency will host the 2019 meeting to be held in Spain.last_img read more

3 Months After Bombings, Obama Seeks New Military Force Authorization

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Lost in President Barack Obama’s hour-long press conference following his party’s embarrassing defeat on Election Day Tuesday was an unsolicited offering that he’ll be seeking Congressional approval for a new version of the Authorization to Use Military Force Act to fight the Islamic State.Obama’s request for a new AUMF comes three months after the US launched airstrikes against Islamic State positions in Iraq, and later in Syria. The Obama administration has used previous versions of the AUMF—one passed in 2001 and another in 2002—to justify the bombings. Left unanswered Wednesday was why a new version is necessary if the Obama administration already believes it has the authority to bomb Iraq and Syria under existing law.“We do not believe the President needs that new authorization in order to take sustained action against ISIL,” a senior administration official said in a background call with reporters in September. “We believe that he can rely on the 2001 AUMF as statutory authority for the military airstrike operations he is directing against ISIL, for instance.”Shortly after Obama announced increased bombings against Islamic State, which also goes by ISIS or ISIL, some started to question whether those actions were legal. Others speculated that Congress was reluctant to vote on the escalated military campaign because the election was only two months away, suggesting members of the US Senate and House didn’t want to be judged on which way they voted.With the election over, Obama said he’ll be “engaging” Congress regarding an ISIS AUMF.“The world needs to know we are united behind this effort, and the men and women of our military deserve our clear and unified support,” he said.The 2001 AUMF, enacted shortly after 9/11, gave President George W. Bush the authority to use armed forces against those that planned the attack, meaning al Qaeda, which ISIS is no longer affiliated with. The 2002 law authorized using military force against those same perpetrators and enables the president to “defend the national security of the United States against the continuing threat posed by Iraq.”There has been a complete reversal regarding Obama’s vision for both authorization acts over the last 17 months.Back in May 2013, Obama gave a speech at the National Defense University in Washington D.C. in which he talked about possibly doing away with the original AUMF.“Groups like AQAP [al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula] must be dealt with, but in the years to come, not every collection of thugs that labels themselves al Qaeda will pose a credible threat to the United States,” he said. “I look forward to engaging Congress and the American people in efforts to refine, and ultimately repeal, the AUMF’s mandate.”Earlier this year, Obama’s National Security Adviser Susan Rice sent a letter to House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) in which she called the Iraq AUMF “outdated,” and stated that the “Administration fully supports its repeal.”That was before ISIS claimed large swaths of Iraq and began beheading Americans and other westerners captured there and in Syria.“We now have a different type of enemy,” Obama said Wednesday. “The strategy is different. How we partner with Iraq and other Gulf countries and the international coalition—that has to be structured differently. So it makes sense for us to make sure that the authorization from Congress reflects what we perceive to be not just our strategy over the next two or three months, but our strategy going forward.”But why now?last_img read more

This will really make Americans save

first_img 17SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Can a doctored webcam photo save your retirement?Maybe.Prudential Retirement executives last fall installed a photo kiosk at an employee benefits fair so people could see pictures of themselves altered to look 65 years old or so. The reactions were “priceless,” said Jennifer Putney, vice president of participant engagement—but that wasn’t all. The number of people who enrolled in a retirement plan or increased their contribution rate went up 60 percent from a year earlier, before the kiosk was installed, she said. (Tweet This)With another benefits enrollment season upon us, tools like photo doctoring are proliferating—firms like Merrill Edge even use webcam images to provide the service online—as behavioral scientists search for ways to use ingrained patterns of behavior to induce people to save more for retirement.“A lot of self-control problems” like poor diet and exercise habits “are difficult to help people with,” said Shlomo Benartzi, accounting professor and co-chair of the behavioral decision-making group at UCLA’s Anderson School of Management and chief behavioral economist at the Allianz Global Investors Center for Behavioral Finance. “What’s unique about retirement is it’s a more controlled setting where we can actually help people.” continue reading »last_img read more

The two big issues bank CEOs have with FinTech

first_imgFor all the talk about how well FinTech start-ups are doing, I hear two regular laments from bank CEOs. First, why aren’t we valued like FinTechs? and second, why aren’t FinTechs regulated like us.On the first point, it’s quite clear that FinTech start-ups are being valued on potential and not reality. When a Stripe is worth more than three Commerzbanks or an Ant Financial is seen to be worth more than ten Deutsche Banks, then sure, bank CEOs are a bit pissed off. As Goldman Sachs CEO David Solomon put it, the bank is “getting absolutely no credit from anybody else in the investing community” on the firm’s digital banking efforts. Monzo gets two million customers in the UK and gains a $1.3 billion valuation; Goldman Sachs launch Marcus, get four million customers, $1 billion in deposits a month, launch a credit card with Apple, and its share price falls almost 20%. As Solomon states it: “If we were out in Silicon Valley and made 20% of the progress that we’ve made, we would get a lot of credit and people would be throwing money at us to own a piece of this business. But nestled inside little old Goldman Sachs, we’re just going to have to prove it over time.”Yea, yea, yea, yada, yada, yada.This first point is indicative of the fact that the banking sector is measured by real returns whilst the start-ups are measured by hope. Banks have shareholder return, return on equity, return on investment and so on and so forth. Real measures against real results. A start-up has a million customers, some of whom are active. It’s all about how you dress it up. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »last_img read more

‘It’s expected’: Chenango County says spike in cases no cause for concern

first_imgWhile 15 positive test results have come back in the past eight days, Sutton said there’s a different statistic his department is using to gauge the spread of the virus. “The goal is to get to a point where we are not doing positive transmission, so that every case is not infecting one person, so every case is infecting less than one person and your outbreak is controlled,” Sutton told 12 News Tuesday. “That’s where we really want to get to.” Isaiah Sutton of the public health department said more than 1600 tests have been conducted in the county over the past week; that’s more than one-third of all tests conducted in Chenango County since the pandemic began spreading locally in March. (WBNG) — Public health officials in Chenango County told 12 News they aren’t worried about the rise in COVID-19 cases largely because of one factor: testing. Sutton said there has been a slight increase in the number of exposures recently, a mild cause for concern but more alarming than the increase in positive cases. He said there’s no evidence yet tying the increase in exposures or cases to the county’s reopening.last_img read more