“34,000-Year-Old Organisms Found Buried Alive!” blares a headline at Live Science. Reporter Andrea Mustain admitted “It’s a tale that has all the trappings of a cult 1960s sci-if movie,” but assures us this one is scientific. Brian Schubert (U of Hawaii) dug up salt crystals in the floor of Death Valley and found bacteria at the edge of survival, doing nothing but maintaining themselves. In five of the 900 crystals he studied, he was able to coax the microbes back to enough activity to grow and reproduce, after about two and a half months of coaxing them to wake up. Schubert believes the presence of “fellow captives” of algae in the bubbles provided a food source for the bacteria, but the article did not explain how the algae survived that long. Schubert and his advisor Tim Lowenstein (Binghamton University) were surprised by the age of the microbes. “They need to be able to repair DNA, because DNA degrades with time,” Lowenstein acknowledged. Mustain considered these some of the oldest living organisms on the planet. Schubert exclaimed, “It’s 34,000 years old and it has a kid.” Mustain added, “And ironically, once that happens, the new bacteria are, of course, entirely modern.” Live Science’s coverage is based on this month’s cover story in GSA Today,1 a journal of the Geological Society of America. In the abstract, the authors consider the possibility of discovering even older organisms in space, in “materials that potentially harbor microorganisms are millions and even billions of years old.” In the conclusions, they said, “Although we are beginning to understand the community of microorganisms inside modern and ancient fluid inclusions, much more needs to be learned about how they survive.”1. Lowenstein, Schubert and Timofeeff, “Microbial communities in fluid inclusions and long-term survival in halite,” GSA Today Jan 2011, DOI: 10.1130/GSATG81A.1.No one ever questions the age, even though it leads to an astonishing “tale that has all the trappings of a cult 1960s sci-if movie.” If it has all the trappings, maybe that is exactly what it is. The scientists had to trust dating methods that are based on many assumptions, including evolutionary time. Evolutionary time is like deep pockets to evolutionary biologists and geologists. They never have to provide collateral (12/22/2010) or pay up, but just indulge at will without any responsibility, and just like in the movies, nobody really gets hurt.* So along with the sci-if, we have gamblers, con artists and dupes in the cast. You might buy a ticket for this movie if it were advertised as fiction, but for those who buy when it is advertised as a serious scientific documentary, who is the dupe?*except for the suckers who buy the fiction as truth.(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Rory Lewandowski, Extension Educator Wayne County, Ohio State University ExtensionCold winter weather presents some additional challenges to keeping dairy calves healthy, comfortable and growing. The biggest challenge is the increased nutritional requirement for body maintenance, especially for dairy calves in unheated facilities. Nutritional maintenance is what is required to keep all body systems functioning normally while maintaining a healthy body temperature and neither gaining nor losing weight. Cold weather nutrition requires understanding the concept of lower critical temperature. Lower critical temperature is the lower boundary below which the animal needs additional nutrients, primarily energy, to meet maintenance requirements. If the nutrient level is not increased, then the animal must burn fat reserves to meet the need. The lower critical temperature for calves from birth to 7 days of age is 55 degrees F. Between 7 and 30 days of age, the lower critical temperature is in the 48- to 50-degree F range. For older calves, the lower critical temperature increases to 32 degrees F.Cold weather nutrition for young calves is critical for a couple of reasons. One is the fact that calves are born with only two to four percent of their body weight as fat. This means that if diets are not meeting maintenance needs, the calf can quickly burn up fat reserves. Calves stop growing and worse, the immune system of the calf becomes compromised leading to sickness. Livestock depend upon an insulating hair coat to provide protection from the cold and to moderate that lower critical temperature. That is one reason that the lower critical temperature for older calves is higher as compared to younger calves, but it takes time and energy to grow and develop that hair coat. Breed of calf will also influence cold weather nutritional requirements because small breed calves, for example, Jerseys, have approximately 20% larger surface area per unit of body weight than a large breed calf, such as a Holstein.A rule of thumb for feeding calves housed in unheated conditions in cold weather is that for every 10 degrees F below 32 degrees F, the calf needs 10% more milk to meet its nutritional needs. At 0 degrees F, this requires 32% more milk. The best strategy to meet this need is to add an additional feeding. For example, if normally the calf is fed 3 quarts twice a day, add an additional 2-quart feeding. If milk replacer is used, it should contain at least 20% protein or in the 26% to 28% range for accelerated growth programs. The fat content should be at least 15%, and higher fat content milk replacers of up to 20% fat are preferred as temperatures decline. The solids content of liquid milk replacer can be increased in cold weather from a typical 12.5% to 16%, but be careful in going above this content as diarrhea can result, and recognize that the calf may not be receiving enough water. Always offer calves clean, fresh water in addition to milk or milk replacer. Another key to feeding calves in cold weather is to provide all liquids at 105 degrees F target temperature for consumption. With regard to free-choice water, this means offering water several times per day in cold weather. Beginning a few days after birth, offer calves free access to a calf starter grain mix with a minimum protein content of 18%.There are a couple of other management practices that help to increase calf comfort and aid in keeping calves growing and healthy in cold weather and these involve bedding, providing extra layers of cold protection and ventilation. Straw is the best bedding choice for calves. To provide the most effective thermal insulation, it has to be deep and dry. Calves can nestle down into the straw during cold weather. The goal is to provide enough bedding so that when the calf is nestled down, you don’t see its legs. Dryness is important to keeping the calf warm. Test the dryness of the bedding by kneeling down into it. If your knees get wet, more bedding is needed. Calf jackets offer a good option to add another layer of insulation and cold protection for calves, especially calves under a month of age. Calf jackets should have a water repellent outer shell, an insulation that wicks moisture away from the calf, fit the calf well, be easy to wash and dry, and constructed to withstand outdoor environments. Do not forget about ventilation during winter months in closed structures. The goal is to provide adequate air turnover to prevent ammonia accumulation while avoiding any direct drafts on the calf. A general recommendation for winter weather is four air exchanges per hour.Cold weather calf care requires more time and labor, but it is necessary to keep calves comfortable, healthy, and growing.
5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout The same goes for its application (20120127363) “Antenna System with Individually Addressable Elements in Dense Array,” which describes in detail how the system assigns users to individual antennas. gina smith 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… Aereo, the controversial Barry Diller-backed service that is streaming live and pre-recorded TV over the airwaves in New York City, is celebrating its recent preliminary court victory against 18 broadcasters by offering a free hour of service and new pricing options. But the real key for the viability of this high-flying IPTV startup in court might well be revealed in four patent applications filed earlier this year.In March, ABC and 17 other New York City broadcasters filed a copyright infringement suit against Aero, claiming the service was essentially stealing and rebroadcasting its over-the-air (OTA) programming for its $8 to $12 a month Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) service.Now in beta, Aereo lets Apple iPhone, iPad, Apple TV and Roku users access round-the-clock live and prerecorded over-the-air (OTA) TV channels on their screens. The company defeated a preliminary injunction demandedy by ABC et al in July that would’ve shuttered its service. As a result, the four patent applications it’s filed with the U.S. Patent and Trademark and Office (USPTO) are increasingly relevant to Aereo’s futre and this particularly nasty copyright infringement case. Its application (20120129479)called “Method and System for Processing Antenna Feeds Using Separate Processing Pipelines” supports the idea that the system’s intent is to assign an antenna per user as opposed to just stealing, recording and rebroadcasting, as ABC and the other broadcasters claim. 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People… Tags:#television#web Related Posts “Typically, patents or patent applications have no relevance in a copyright infringement case,” said Tom Ewing, an IP expert who trains attorneys for the United Nations on IP matters. “But after this July 11 ruling, the case is becoming a different bird. That’s because the judge expressly signaled her interest in the technologies employed by Aereo, saying the details will decide the case.“If in fact the four patent applications Aereo filed four months before the suit hit it accurately describe Aereo’s deployed technology in New York City,” he added, “then these patent apps could give Aereo a leg up.”Aereo representitve Virginia Lam told ReadWriteWeb that they do. “On your question of whether or not our technology works as we have described, the answer is a resounding, yes,” Lam said. “In fact, the recent decision by Federal Judge Alison J. Nathan in favor of Aereo (denying a preliminary injunction that had been filed against the company) bears this out.”In her July 11 order Federal District Court Judge Alison Nathan was explicit that the case is all about the technology: Is Aereo simply copying and redistributing copyrighted over-the-air broadcasts as ABC et al claims. Or is Aereo just providing people the equivalent of virtual rabbit ears to grab freely available material on the airwaves, as it claims. In her opinion, she indicated that the merits of the case will lie on whether the Aereo system can be considered “one” or “many” antennae.According to the USPTO, patent examiners have yet to take a look at the applications. So it may be too soon to party. But early indications from Judge Nathan’s order signal that Aereo’s use of a tiny and separate antenna in NYC for each user “reinforce(s) … that the copies (of broadcasts) are unique and accessible only to a particular user, as they indicate that the copies are created using wholly distinct paths.”The patent applications appear to support this provided, as Ewing noted, that Aereo is doing exactly what the patent applications say it is doing: Providing an antenna per user, ala rabbit years, just 21st century remote style.The four filed patent applications show how the company would use a rooftop array of tiny, dime-sized antennae at its New York City building – and assigniing each one per user as his or her own remote antenna.The system, at least according to the patents, is essentially designed to provide each user with his or her own remote antenna – one of the tiny ones in Aereo’s rooftop array of millions of them.Here are the four applications Aereo has filed with the US Patent and Trademark Office: Accessing the recordings users make with their Roku, Apple TV or other DVR is the heart of application 20120131621, titled a “System and Method for Providing Network Access to Individually Recorded Content.”In New York City, Aereo currently offers 28 broadcast channels available over-the-air, including WABC, WCBS, WNBC WNYW-FOX, WPIX-11, WNET-PBS, Telemundo Univision and other special interest and foreign channels.Aereo plans to extend the service to PC and Android users in New York City later this quarter, and enter other markets in the United States in 2013.This should be be an interesting case. It is a rare copyright infringement case that hinges on technology, much less patents. And the stakes are high.Barry Diller photo courtesy of James Duncan Davidson/O’Reilly Media, Inc.Lead Barry Diller photo by FOUNDERSclub NYC Its application (20120127374) “System and Method for Providing Network Access to Antenna Feeds” describes how Internet users get access to live antenna feeds, which appearst to be consistent with what Aereo reps have described about the system in its PR materials and in court. 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App
Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology dan rowinski Yet if IDC’s predictions prove out, Microsoft might be in trouble.The research firm is calling for Windows-based tablets to have a 10.3% market share in 2016. That includes Windows RT, Windows 8 and Windows 7 tablets (what little there are). When Microsoft started shipping its newest Windows 8 slates, it was probably thinking it would control more than a tenth of the market come 2016.Yet, Windows 8 and RT sales have been poor through the first month or so of availability and Microsoft has reportedly cut its own tablet shipments. And the rise of the tablet will come at the expense of the traditional e-reader along with cutting into the sale of PCs. In the coming years, many people will be using their tablets as the primary way to access the Internet, communicate, play games and work. “Tablets continue to captivate consumers, and as the market shifts toward smaller, more mobile screen sizes and lower prices points, we expect demand to accelerate in the fourth quarter and beyond,” Mainelli said. Tags:#Android#Apple#iPad#tablets Tablets are the hot gifts this year. If you are in the market for a new slate, options abound and people are rushing to buy. The popularity of the tablet sector is so big right now that research firm International Data Corp. has increased its tablet forecast for the rest of 2012 by nearly 5 million shipments.That might not seem like a lot, but if you consider we are already a week into December, IDC’s tablet projection is significant.The recalculation from IDC comes as tablet sales surge on the strength of Apple’s new iPad Mini along with a plethora of strong Android competitors and the release of Windows 8. IDC is now calling for a year-end total of 122.3 million tablet shipments, up from its earlier prediction of 117.1 million. “Android tablets are gaining traction in the market thanks to solid products from Google, Amazon, Samsung and others. And Apple’s November iPad mini launch, along with its surprise refresh of the full-sized iPad, positions the company well for a strong holiday season,” said IDC’s research director for tablet Tom Mainelli in a press release. IDC has also increased its tablet projection for the years to come. For 2013, the research firm forecasts 172.4 million shipments (up from 165.9 million). For 2016, IDC predicts 282.7 million units (up from 261.4 million). What IDC is saying is that pretty soon everybody you know is going to have a tablet of some sort. Your most gadget-enthused friends will likely have a couple. IDC predicts that iPad rule tablets at least through 2016, with a 49.7% market share. That means that Apple would ship nearly 140.5 million iPads in 2016, more than double what it is likely to ship in 2012. Android is expected to lose more ground to Apple in 2016, mostly due to increased popularity of Windows tablets, which will eat somewhat into Android sales. Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Related Posts
Gone are the days when women worked from home or joined their family’s business. Women have now ventured into manufacturing, technology and other businesses. And Deepa Shah, chairperson of Business Women Committee of the Gujarat Chamber of Commerce and Industry agrees, “During the Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors summit 2011, 60 entrepreneurs expressed interest to set up business at the proposed Women Economic Zone (WEZ). These women mean business. From Shetal Shah, who heads a company that offers Geographic Information Services (GIS) to Meena Kaviya whose business had almost shut down and she had to rework the entire model. From Siddhi Shah who embarked on entrepreneurial journey to earn her pocket money to Sejal Shah who is supporting the local artisans throught her unique venture.Jewel queen She loved to mix and match and has been a creative person throughout. Shweta Pachauri, 30 studied fashion designing, then went on to study gems and jewellery and even taught at an institute. But realised her true calling lies in beads, stone and metals and started her own label, Kalash.Deciding factor: I started with diamond jewellery but then realised that there are a lot of people doing it already. So I ventured into stone jewellery.Metallic hues: I mix and match metals with stones. A combination of brass and stones in a pendant is much liked by my clients.Sports freak: I love to play badminton and have even represented Gujarat University at the state level.Travel bag: Uttarakhand is my all time favourite. I just love the picturesque hills and the thrilling adventure activitiadvertisementMapping Success Whoever said women can’t read maps should eat their words. Shetal Shah not only reads maps but prepares them which are used by different sectors like disaster management and transportation. While working at CEPT University, Ahmedabad, Shah was introduced to statistics and GIS. There she started Geographis (India) Pvt. Ltd for the same group. And in 2006-2007, she embarked on a new journey with Spin Systems. Today, her company is one of the few in India that offers GIS services.Major projects: She has been involved with projects such as preparing master plan for Kolhapur City, Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) of Ahmedabad, GIS based disaster preparedness tool for Gujarat.Biggest challenge: This sector is dominated by men and I am one of the few women in this field. Today hers is one of the few companies that provides professional services in remote sensing, analysing information.Fighting fit: I like classical dances and have learnt Bharatnatyam and Kuchipudi. I spend one-and-a-half hours daily doing yoga.Big dream: I want to take GIS, mapping and remote sensing away from a jargon and technical environment to a level where it is used by the lay man. Also that GIS applications get widely used for urban planning, emergency management and other purposes.Light upSiddhi Shah’s mother once told her in a candid way to earn and then shop as much she wants to. This left her mind churning and she started designing dresses to begin with.Teething problems: I wanted to stand on my feet, without taking any finance from my parents. So the intial years were very tough.Differentiating factor: I customise for my clients so you won’t find a piece being repeated. Also, I have handpicked the artists who work for me.Book worm: I love reading Empires Of The Mind, Rich Dad Poor Dad, Stay Hungry Stay Foolish.Big dream: One day I want to come out with a book with my sketches of designer dresses.Business diaries Difficult circumstances forced Shilpa Panchal, 40 to step out of her comfort zone. “We were living a very comfortable life but then our family was facing financial problems. I decided to do something substantial to contribute my bit.” She started manufacturing plastic parts for energy meters with one machine set up at home. Her firm has grown rapidly and today she has a manufacturing unit at Odhav with eight machines.Guiding light: My father-inlaw, a practising engineer, told me that there was a need for precision plastic parts for various applications.Big challenge: Having invested in the machine and workforce, the first challenge was getting orders.My space: When I am alone I listen to old Hindi songs- Mukesh Kumar and Mohammad Rafi are my favourites.Play time: I have a son and daughter and they are a great source of joy. I love to play basketball, football, board games with my kids and their friends.Magic weave She loved doing it as her hobby but is now pursuing it for a living. Designing and embroidery were her passion which she turned into a small business 15 years ago. Encouraged by the response she got, Sejal Shah, 40 bought her own place, looked for good artisans and in no time was on a roll making ethnic wear and home linen by the name Gunthan.Number game: She has 70 artisans working for her on a contractual basis. In 2008-09, she was making 1,000-1,500 pieces in a year. Since then her business has grown by 250 percent.Recognition time: She won an award for the best women entrepreneur in the manufacturing business from Gujarat Chamber of Commerce in 2008.Support system: It would have been difficult to do it alone. My family has been very encouraging.Break free: I love dancing and I am a trained Bharatnatyam dancer. I love going to Thol Lake, the bird sanctuary near Ahmedabad.advertisementMen’s worldShe always wanted to start something of her own and when she zeroed on one, it was something unusual-manufacturing of men’s shirts. “My husband has been in the yarn business so I thought he could give me tips on the selection of quality fabrics as I didn’t want to compromise on quality,” says Meena Kaviya, 39.Initial hiccups: When one talks of women entrepreneurs in the garment sector, people only think of someone who is into womenwear or runs a boutique. So people did not take me seriously.Turning point: In 2006-2007, my main client closed down its shirts department and I had no work, which forced me to rework the business model. “I then started buying the yarn and got it woven myself to ensure quality, consistency and cost effectiveness.”Number game: Today her unit has about 100 machines with a monthly manufacturing capacity of 25,000 shirts.Great escape: Playing with my two kids, listening to songs, reading autobiographical and historic works and travelling.
S. KannanThe day every sports fan on the continent has been waiting for has finally arrived. Athletes from every nook and corner of Asia will stretch every sinew to try and gather glory for themselves and their countries as the 17th Asian Games get underway in Incheon on Friday.The profile of the Games has gone up several notches since New Delhi hosted the first event in 1951. Such is the standard and intensity of the Asiad these days that some world records could take a beating.Track and field, swimming, shooting, boxing, baseball, weightlifting and wrestling are events which will generate a lot of excitement in their respective arenas dotted across this port city, which is an hour and a half away from the South Korean capital, Seoul.Athletes with posters supporting India.If the opening ceremony at the 2010 Asian Games was a visual delight as giant laser shows and high decibel fireworks lit up the Guangzhou skyline, there is no suspense before Friday’s opening ceremony as the Incheon organisers have sought to keep costs in check and have kept the fuss to a minimum.The Songdo Convensia, where the main media centre is located, is in the heart of the city and next to it is the Incheon University, where students are busy with academics just a day before the Games.”I don’t think I will be going for the sporting events. This time, events have not been publicised much,” said Kim Rae.The real action in the fortnightlong sporting extravaganza will be in 36 disciplines, of which India will be competing in 28. Being the hosts, South Korea will try and maximise their medal chances but the Chinese are in no mood to relent.advertisementIn Guangzhou four years ago, China towered above the rest of the field with 199 gold, 119 silver and 98 bronze for a tally of 416 medals. South Korea had then won 76 gold, 65 silver and 91 bronze for an aggregate of 232 while Japan was third with 48 gold, 74 silver and 94 bronze.There has been no looking back for China since. With their economy booming, funding for sports has not been a problem for athletes. Today, the world marvels at their systematic training programmes, where huge emphasis is on modern methods and applying sports science.India finished fourth in the charts in Guangzhou with 65 medals (14 gold, 17 silver and 34 bronze). At that time, India had trained hard for the New Delhi Commonwealth Games and managed to continue the good form into the Asian Games. Similarly, India did fairly well in the recent Glasgow Commonwealth Games, clinching 64 medals, and that will serve as a psychological boost.This time around, there is no scope for pessimism, though standards in Asia in almost every sport have gone up.Comparisons with China and South Korea can never be avoided in a multi-discipline extravaganza, but as a sporting nation, India still does not have the culture to produce champions by the dozen.Those who did well in Glasgow will not necessarily do well in Incheon as there is a huge difference in standard. In sports like wrestling and weightlifting, winning gold will be very tough even as fierce competitor Yogeshwar Dutt and company hold a lot of promise.Hockey used to be India’s traditional strength but times have changed. Only a gold medal can restore faith in the ‘national game’. There is a lot of buzz in the air about boxing. Glasgow was disappointing for the pugilists and if they have to make a mark here, they will have to compete very hard.If one were to pick some gold medal prospects for India in Incheon, it won’t be a tough call. Beijing Olympics gold medallist Abhinav Bindra is gunning for his first Asiad gold, pistol shooter Jitu Rai is in superb form and rising shuttle star P.V. Sindhu, fresh from her recent bronze medal at the World Championship, can again bother the [email protected]
“My high school is on a little headland next to the channel leading into Port Antonio Harbour. I would always see these white ships passing, which I later found out were Jamaica Producers’ ships that were transporting bananas to England,” he tells JIS News. Mr. Valentine, who works with the Maritime Authority of Jamaica, recalls his desire to become a seafarer from his days as a student at Titchfield High School in Portland. Marine Inspector, Kenre Valentine, says he is satisfied that he chose to be seafarer, as although the career has many challenges, it has been extremely rewarding. Marine Inspector, Kenre Valentine, says he is satisfied that he chose to be seafarer, as although the career has many challenges, it has been extremely rewarding.Mr. Valentine, who works with the Maritime Authority of Jamaica, recalls his desire to become a seafarer from his days as a student at Titchfield High School in Portland.“My high school is on a little headland next to the channel leading into Port Antonio Harbour. I would always see these white ships passing, which I later found out were Jamaica Producers’ ships that were transporting bananas to England,” he tells JIS News.“Small boats would pull up to the large vessels. A man would come off and he would steer the ship into the harbour. I later discovered that this person was the Harbour Pilot and I remember thinking that it must be a nice job. You get to go to sea and come back home,” he adds.Mr. Valentine began on the path to achieve that dream and later discovered that in preparation for this job, he would have to spend considerable amounts of time at sea.“I began as a fireman and was transferred after a few years to the fire boat station on request. I also got an opportunity to do a Basic Seamanship course at the Jamaica Defence Force Coast Guard,” he says.“I found out about the Caribbean Maritime University, which was then the Jamaica Maritime Training Institute and I attended a summer programme, after which I enrolled fully the following September,” he tells JIS News.The Marine Inspector has sailed at as high a rank as Second Officer, which is two tiers below Captain.He explains that the Captain, the Chief Officer and the Second and Third Officers are in charge of the deck department, which is responsible for getting the ship safely from one place to another.In the deck department, the Second Officer is assigned duties for maintaining navigation and communication equipment and the Chief Officer has responsibility for the maintenance of the vessel.Mr. Valentine, who is now in training at the management level, explains that to become a Captain one would have to be sailing for a number of years and go through the ranks from Third Officer to Second Officer to gain the experience, and then be trained at the management level.He is grateful for what he has achieved in the profession and looks toward to the next step, as he recalls his own journey. He explains that his first outing at sea as a Cadet was particularly long at 14 months.“That initial experience was unlike anything else I had been through. I had heard the stories of guys who had sailed before, but nothing can prepare you for what I would have experienced when I went out for the first time,” he tells JIS News.“You hear people talking about being sick constantly, rough sea conditions and throwing up every single day. It is very real and having to work through that becomes a bit challenging,” he adds.Mr. Valentine says even when you know that you are going to be (sea) sick for the rest of the trip with an 18-hour voyage to the next port, “you just know that you have to work through the sickness.”According to the Marine Inspector, the loneliness was almost palpable. He says he would send letters home, then it would take up to four months for him to receive a response, “so I had absolutely no contact with family members or friends for months at a time.”He had a hard time making the adjustment to cultural differences and points out that on his first tour at sea, he was the only Jamaican on board for a while until he was joined by another.“I was on a ship where the majority of seamen were from the Philippines. It was very interesting to see how they live, what they eat and their mannerisms. Everything is completely different. They like to slap each other, which as you know is something you just don’t do to a Jamaican,” he tells JIS News.“I remember my first meal on board. It was fried pig foot with white rice. It was different from what I was accustomed to, but there was no other option, so the choice was eat it or starve,” he says.Mr. Valentine tells JIS News that his workday started at 6:00 a.m. and ended at 6:00 p.m.“I was training as an officer but as an officer you have to learn to do everything, so I did chipping, painting and cleaning. I would also get some time to do navigation, so the routine varied as they tried to incorporate everything. The idea behind this is that when you become an officer and have to be supervising someone else, you will know if their job is done properly,” he says.He explains that the language of shipping is English and although the crew at the officer level are expected to know some English in order to communicate with port officials, not all the crew speak fluent English and the language barrier proved to be a challenge.Mr. Valentine says that life at sea comes with other challenges, including navigating through bad weather. He recounted that the scariest thing he came across was a lightning storm that impacted the city of Houston in the United States.“At that time, my vessel was going around the coast as the port was closed. Imagine lightning every second with a different strike. That for me was the scariest experience and I have navigated in several storms across the globe. Fortunately, nothing was struck as the ship is designed with lightning rods on board that absorb whatever comes,” he notes.According to Director General of the Maritime Authority of Jamaica, Rear Admiral Peter Brady, “without the contribution of seafarers, half of the world would freeze and the other half would starve.”Rear Admiral Brady tells JIS News that the duty of a seafarer is a very important one, as they make an immense contribution to global trade.He points out that they bear great personal costs while undertaking their tasks in sometimes precarious situations, adding that they are faced with the vagaries of the sea, such as stressful weather conditions and in some cases, piracy and abandonment.“It is extremely important for the world to understand the sacrifice of the men and women who risk their lives at sea in the transportation of goods and services used in the daily lives of the world’s population,” he says, adding that unlike shore-based risk profession.Rear Admiral Brady tells JIS News that seafarers are generally well paid and that it is a profession that gives a high sense of satisfaction and personal accomplishment.There are more than 500 Jamaican seafarers and approximately 1.5 million worldwide.Graduates of the Caribbean Maritime University are highly sought after by international shipping interests, who have recruited graduates of the institution to man their vessels.Shipping accounts for 90 per cent of international trade. 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Posted by Share Monday, September 19, 2016 TORONTO — When it comes to booking travel to Vienna, it’s either “now or never,” says the Vienna Tourist Board, which hosted an industry lunch in Toronto recently to tell partners that now is the time to book.The event, which was co-hosted by Austrian Airlines, Vienna International Airport, Swarovski Kristallwelten and Globus family of brands, highlighted the plethora of reasons to visit Austria, and specifically Vienna, in 2017. Elke Bachner, Market Management of the Vienna Tourist Board, cited the 25th anniversary of Life Ball, the 150th anniversary of the Blue Danube Waltz, and the 175th anniversary of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra as just three milestone events that may pique the interest of clients.Elke, who recommends any visit to Vienna should be at least three nights, also highlighted the new Vienna Card, available in one, two or three days. It includes free public transportation plus discounts to over 200 outlets in the city.More news: War of words between Transat, Group Mach ramps upThe Vienna Airport, which transported 23 million passengers in 2015, was recently awarded the distinction of being a four-star airport in Europe. It will be investing $500 million throughout 2023 in infrastructure and development. Direct service from Canada is available from Toronto, though Montreal is currently in the works. A total of 150 passengers per day, each way fly from Toronto to Vienna.Globus family of brands is offering its ‘Vienna Now or Never’ agent incentive, which includes a $25 gift card per passenger on all 2017 vacations that include Vienna. Agents must send their invoice number to Inside Sales by Oct. 28, 2016 to receive their gift card.Avalon Waterways, part of Globus’ family of brands, is also offering 15% on ‘Active Discover on the Danube River’ cruises, plus free air on select itineraries/departures. Plus, when clients book and deposit by Nov. 10, 2016 they’ll save 10% (15% when booking as part of a group).More news: Direct Travel names Smith as Senior VP, Leisure Marketing, North AmericaFor more information go to agentlingo.ca. For more on travel to Vienna, go to wien.info/en. Vienna TB in Toronto; Globus offering $25 on all Vienna vacations Tags: Avalon Waterways, Globus, Vienna << Previous PostNext Post >> Travelweek Group